Home > Equality & Sexuality > Discrimination and Sexual Orientation

Discrimination and Sexual Orientation

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 14 Nov 2010 | comments*Discuss
Sexuality heterosexuality

Sexual orientation, or the natural sexual attractions that an individual feels for others, has unfortunately long been an attribute that can bring about discrimination. Recently several pieces of legislation have attempted to limit discrimination due to sexual orientation, and the government is now working to bring about even more. In the mean time, there is much that individuals can do to challenge discrimination due to sexual orientation and to make sure that they - and those around them - treat everyone with dignity and respect.

Sexual Orientation and the Law

In 2003 the Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations extended protection to all workers by outlawing discrimination due to sexual orientation in employment. These Regulations came about as a result of a European Union Directive that required such protection for "sexual minorities". In 2007, the Sexual Orientation Regulations extended this protection to outlaw discrimination arising from an individual's membership in a civil partnership. In these pieces of legislation, "sexual orientation" is defined as attractions to members of the same sex, the opposite sex or both, meaning that their protection extends to heterosexuals, homosexuals and bisexuals equally. In October 2007, Justice Secretary Jack Straw also announced plans to make inciting hatred due to sexual orientation an offence in the Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill.

Types of Discrimination Due to Sexual Orientation

In the eyes of the law, there are four types of discrimination that could easily be practiced in regards to sexual orientation. These types of discrimination do not need to be intentional as the law recognises only that discrimination took place and does not care whether it was intentional or not.

Direct discrimination is deliberate and obvious, for example if a gay employee is dismissed simply due to his or her sexual orientation. Indirect discrimination occurs when practices or policies disadvantage individuals of a certain sexual orientation, such as extending benefits only to the spouses of employees (thus ruling out the extension of benefits to homosexuals who can not marry).

Harassment occurs when the workplace is allowed to become a hostile environment for members of a certain sexual orientation, whether through direct threats, methods of intimidation, unwanted advances or even verbal or physical "jokes". Finally, victimisation occurs when someone has complained about discrimination and is then treated less fairly than others, such as being denied overtime or their preferred shifts when it is found out that they have, or are planning, to complain about their treatment.

Challenging Discrimination Due to Sexual Orientation

Challenging discrimination due to sexual orientation can be done in three main ways. First, individuals who feel discriminated against can take a case to court. Second, individuals (either those directly affected or those who have observed certain practices or policies) can lodge formal complaints to the organisations or individuals involved and let organisations supportive of gay rights know about the incidents.Stonewall and The Lesbian and Gay Foundation are two such organisations working against discrimination based on sexual orientation in the United Kingdom. Third, individuals can challenge discrimination in their everyday lives. Every time an individual reconsiders a stereotype, speaks out against discrimination, ceases to make inappropriate jokes and references, tells others that such jokes and references are unacceptable, and does all that (s)he can to learn from the talents of each individual, regardless of sexual orientation, then such discrimination is being fought. Hopefully discrimination due to sexual orientation will soon become a thing of the past, but until then everyone can play a part in helping it to end.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • mics
    Re: Questionnaire: Experienced Discrimination School?
    hello Good morning my name is Mico john Hernander 17 years old from manila. Im so happy to make comment…
    12 August 2019
  • Lala
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    Senior management.. often scream and shout at the team. Things not investigated before the blame game starts. Staff behaviours…
    13 July 2019
  • Ali
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    I work at M&S Distribution Centre in the East Midlands and only started working there since the beginning of May 2019, previously…
    8 July 2019
  • Jas
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    Hey I have had trouble at my work I had my manger pull down my shorts at work I then put a grievance in about because I wasn’t…
    18 June 2019
  • Jas
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    Hey I have had trouble at my work I had my manger pull down my shorts at work I then put a grievance in about because I wasn’t…
    18 June 2019
  • Jake250
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    Is my boss aloud to swear and shout down the phone at me? He was quite foul and threatened my job , I’ve worked for the company…
    5 June 2019
  • Donna
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    My area manager in my chemist where I work never felt so disgusted in my life and to be treated in that way is just shocking. I'm…
    13 May 2019
  • Coley
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    Are managers legally aloud to scream shout at people making them feel scared and uneasy, and are they allowed to push and pester…
    3 August 2018
  • Mickey
    Re: Confronting Indirect Racism
    Hectoring jus because you have ethnic minorities in your extended family does not make you less racist. Just as much as a man being…
    31 March 2018
  • Nikki84
    Re: Your Rights in the Workplace
    I am a mobile care and support worker my supervisor rang me to ask a question I was polite she was polite 1 minute later my…
    27 February 2018